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Archbold Biological Station Plant List

2006 Edition
Carl W. Weekley Heather H. Lindon Eric S. Menges

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Introduction

This edition of the Archbold Biological Station Plant List represents an advance over the previous version (Menges et al. 2000) in two ways. First, it brings the nomenclature into agreement with Wunderlin and Hansen (2003), the only state-wide taxonomic treatment of the flora of Florida. Second, in its digital version the ABS Plant List is now part of an integrated BIOTA database that includes label data on ~4000 specimens in the ABS Herbarium. The Plant List includes 593 vascular plants known to spontaneously occur at Archbold; it does not include cultivated (mostly exotic) plants on the Main Grounds or plants introduced on Red Hill that may persist but do not appear to be spreading.

The first list of Archbold’s plants was assembled by Sam P. Vander Kloet (Vander Kloet 1986). The second major list created a tabular organization and added information on life history, distribution, and nomenclature (Menges and Salzman 1992). The first digital list (Menges et al. 2000) added a few new records and information on endangerment status and updated nomenclature to Wunderlin (1998).

This edition of the Archbold Biological Station Plant List is formatted for both digital and hardcopy versions. The digital version is available here; the hardcopy version is available by request from the Plant Ecology Lab. ABS Plants, the searchable BIOTA database that integrates the Plant List and Plant Ecology Lab herbarium label data, is under development on the ABS website under Plant Ecology Lab.

Explanation of Fields

The Plant List is organized alphabetically by family within four higher groupings: Ferns and Fern Allies; Gymnosperms; Angiosperms—Monocots; and Angiosperms—Dicots.

Family

Family names follow Wunderlin and Hansen (2003). Where Wunderlin and Hansen subsumes families recognized by other authorities, we include those family names in brackets ([ ]) next to the Wunderlin and Hansen family name and subsumed family names are also included within brackets in the Index to Families.

Scientific Name and Author

Nomenclature for scientific names follows Wunderlin and Hansen (2003) with the following exceptions: Pinus elliottii var. densa Little and Dorman (south Florida slash pine), Conradina brevifolia Shiners(short-leaved rosemary), Paronychia chartacea subsp. chartacea L.C. Anderson (papery whitlow-wort), and Cardamine debilis D. Don (bitter cress).

Subspecies Description

Subspecies names follow Wunderlin and Hansen (2003) with the following exceptions: for 16 species it is unclear from existing records which subspecific taxa are represented at Archbold. These species are listed with an asterisk (*) following the species name.

Synonomy

Synonyms are provided following Wunderlin and Hansen (2003). Additional synonyms may be found in Small (1933) and Kartesz (1994a, 1994b).

Common Names

Common names generally follow Wunderlin and Hansen (2003), except where more widely accepted common names are available.

Life History

Information on life span (annual, biennial or perennial), growth form (herb, subshrub, shrub, tree, etc.) and breeding systems was gathered from a variety of sources including Small (1933), Long and Lakela (1971), Godfrey and Wooten (1979, 1981), Clewell (1985), Wunderlin et al. (1985), Wunderlin et al. (1988), Christman and Judd (1990), Hall (1993), Taylor (1998), Tobe et al. (1998), Wunderlin (1998) and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1999) as well as our own observations.

Flowering Time

These phenological observations are specific to Archbold, and mainly follow Vander Kloet (1986) with modifications by the authors. Some out-of-season flowering may also occur in central Florida. For non-flowering taxa (e.g., ferns and pines), this field provides information on times of spore- or cone-production.

Distribution

Worldwide distributions are given from a variety of sources including Small (1933), Christman and Judd (1990), and other sources. State names are abbreviated with two-letter postal codes. Federal-listing status, based on U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1999), is coded as Endangered (FE) or Threatened (FT). State-listing status, based on Coile and Garland (2003), is coded as Endangered (SE) or Threatened (ST).

Habitat at ABS

ABS habitat information is undated and/or modified from previous plant lists, following the classification of Abrahamson et al. (1984). Abundance estimates are qualitative and follow in part from Vander Kloet (1986).

Distribution at ABS

This field indicates in which ABS tracts the species is known to occur. The accompanying map shows ABS tract designations.

How to Suggest Changes in the Plant List

If you find errors or omissions in the plant list, please let us know by contacting Eric Menges

Acknowledgements

We thank Jeremy Ash, Tracy Hmielowski, Steph Neimeister, Marcia Rickey, and Katie Stuble for their help in updating this edition of the ABS Plant List. Contributions by Ginny Salzman, Marcia Hestand, and Sam Vander Kloet to earlier plant lists were invaluable. Botanists who contributed to the ABS herbarium over the years have helped document this list indirectly. Over 70% of the ~4000 specimens in the Plant Ecology Lab Herbarium were collected by Leonard Brass. Others who made significant contributions to the Herbarium include Sam P. Vander Kloet, Ann Johnson, and Alan Herndon.

Literature Cited

  • Abrahamson, W. G., A. F. Johnson, J. N. Layne, and P. A. Peroni. 1984. Vegetation of the Archbold Biological Station: an example of the southern Lake Wales Ridge. Florida Scientist 47:209-250.
  • Christman, S. P. , and W. S. Judd. 1990. Notes on plants endemic to Florida scrub. Florida Scientist 53:52-73.
  • Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida Panhandle. University Presses of Florida, Tallahassee, Florida, USA.
  • Coile, N. C. and M. Garland 2003. Notes on Florida's endangered and threatened plants. Fourth Edition. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
  • Godfrey, R. K., and J. W. Wooten. 1979. Aquatic and wetland plants of the southeastern United States. Monocotyledons. University of Georgia Press, Athens, Georgia, USA.
  • Godfrey, R. K., and J. W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of the southeastern United States. Dicotyledons. University of Georgia Press, Athens, Georgia, USA.
  • Hall, D. W. 1993. Illustrated plants of Florida and the Coastal Plain. Maupin House Publishing, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994a. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Volume 1: Checklist. Timber Press, Portland, OR, USA.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994b. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Volume 2: Thesaurus. Timber Press, Portland, OR, USA.
  • Long, R.W., and O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida. University of Miami Press, Coral Gables, Florida, USA.
  • Menges, E.S. and V.T. Salzman. 1992. Archbold Biological Station Plant List.
  • Menges, E.S., C.W. Weekley, R. Yahr, C. Brand, and D. Mundell. 2000. Archbold Biological Station Plant List. Archbold Biological Station Website.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
  • Tobe, J. D., K. C. Burks, R. W. Cantrell, M. E. Sweeley, D. W. Hall, P. Wallace, G. Anglin, G. Nelson, J. R. Cooper, D. Bickner, K. Gilbert, N.
  • Aymond, K. Greenwood, and N. Raymond. 1998. Florida wetland plants: an identification manual. Rose Printing Company, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1999. South Florida multi-species recovery plan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. 1986. Plant list of the Archbold Biological Station. Archbold Biological Station, Lake Placid, Florida, USA.
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
  • Wunderlin, R. P. and B. F. Hansen. 2003. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. Second Edition. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
  • Wunderlin , R. P., B. F. Hansen, and D. W. Hall. 1985. The vascular plants of central Florida: taxonomic and nomenclatural changes, additional taxa. Sida 11:232-244.
  • Wunderlin , R. P., B. F. Hansen, and D. W. Hall. 1988. The vascular flora of central Florida;